The Ultimate Guide to Cotton T Shirts: Types, Gram Weight, and Choosing the Right Fabric

Cotton T-shirts are a timeless wardrobe staple cherished for their comfort, breathability, and versatility. However, delving into the world of cotton fabrics can reveal a multitude of options, from different types of cotton to varying gram weights and comparisons with other materials. In this comprehensive guide, we embark on a journey to understand the intricacies of cotton T-shirts, empowering you to make informed decisions and choose the perfect fabric for your needs.

205GSM Hammer 100% Ring Spun Cotton Short Sleeve Tshirt

**1. Types of Cotton**

Cotton comes in various forms, each offering unique characteristics and benefits:

– **Pure Cotton**:

Crafted from raw cotton and processed using advanced textile technology, pure cotton stands as a natural, healthy, breathable, and comfortable fabric. Renowned for its rich coloring and mature processing techniques, pure cotton is one of the most ubiquitous fabrics in daily life.


– **Combed Cotton**:

Considered the refined version of pure cotton, combed cotton undergoes a meticulous combing process to eliminate shorter fibers and impurities. The result is a luxuriously soft fabric with enhanced durability and smoothness.

What we have for combed cotton T-shirts?

01 Model TX-B0001:  170GSM 100% Combed Cotton Tshirts

02 Model TX-79000:  180GSM 100% Combed Cotton Tshirts

03 Model TX-M022: 200GSM 100% Combed Cotton Half Raglan Sleeves Tshirts

04 Model TX-M029: 230GSM 40S Yarn 100% Combed Cotton BIO-POLISH FABRIC Oversize Tshirts

05 Model TX-B22000: 220GSM 40S 100% Combed Tight Spinning Cotton Oversize Tshirts

06 Model TX-A20202: 240GSM 100% Combed Heavy Cotton Tshirts

07 Model TX-T072: 250GSM 100% Combed Heavy Cotton Long Sleeve Tshirts

08 Model TX-009: 180 GSM 100% Combed Cotton Tank Top

– **Ring Spun Cotton**:

Ring spun cotton, comprising 100% cotton, is prized for its thinness and cost-effectiveness. Gildan, a famous Canadian brand of T-shirt, has most of its products made of ring-spun cotton fabric, renowned for their delicate texture and popularity in Southeast Asian markets.

What we have for Ring Spun cotton T-shirts?

01 Model TX-GD630: 150GSM 4.5 Ounces Preshrunk 30S 100% Ring Spun Cotton Tshirts

02 Model TX-GD760: 180 GSM 5.3 Ounces Preshrunk 100% Ring Spun Cotton Tshirts

03 Model TX-HA40: 205GSM 100% Ring Spun Cotton Long Sleeve Tshirts

04 Model TX-HA00: 205GSM 100% Ring Spun Cotton Short Sleeve Tshirts

– **High Yarn Count Cotton**:

High yarn count cotton features a higher number of yarns per inch, resulting in a thinner fabric with a smooth and luxurious texture. Our 210GSM T-shirt, crafted from 40 double yarn high yarn count fabric, offers a tight, delicate weave that is both skin-friendly and comfortable.

What we have for High Yarn Count Cotton T-shirts?

01 Model TX-A00ZC1: 210GSM 40S Yarn Compact Siro Spun Cotton Tshirts

02 Model TX-M029: 230GSM 40S Yarn 100% Combed Cotton BIO-POLISH FABRIC Oversize Tshirts

03 Model TX-B22000: 220GSM 40S Yarn 100% Combed Tight Spinning Cotton Oversize Tshirts

– **Mercerized Cotton**:

Mercerized cotton undergoes a special process to create smooth, bright, soft, and wrinkle-resistant yarns. This high-quality fabric exudes a luxurious sheen and offers exceptional comfort and durability.

205GSM Hammer 100% Ring Spun Cotton Short Sleeve Tshirt

– **Lycra Cotton**:

Blending cotton with Lycra (spandex) yarn results in Lycra cotton, synonymous with enhanced stretch and flexibility. Lycra cotton combines the comfort of cotton with the elasticity of Lycra, offering superior comfort and fit.

205GSM Hammer 100% Ring Spun Cotton Long Sleeve T-shirt

**2. The Gram Weight of Cotton**

What we usually call gram weight is generally “square gram weight” (GSM) or (g/㎡). It means the weight of a square meter of fabric. The size of the value directly reflects the weight and thickness of the fabric. The higher the value, the thicker the fabric. The smaller the value, the lighter the fabric. For example, 210GSM means that a square meter of fabric weighs 210 grams.

Square gram weight (GSM) or (g/㎡) is the most commonly used unit of measurement to express the weight of fabric, serves as a crucial indicator of fabric weight and thickness:

– **Lightweight T-shirts**:

Typically ranging from 140GSM to 220GSM, lightweight T-shirts offer breathability and comfort, ideal for warm weather conditions.

– **Heavyweight T-shirts**:

Ranging from 230GSM to 290GSM, heavyweight T-shirts provide durability and warmth, perfect for cooler climates and layering.

**3. Comparison of Cotton and Other Fabrics**

While cotton boasts numerous advantages, it’s essential to consider its pros and cons compared to other fabrics:

**Advantages of Cotton:**

– **Moisture Absorption and Breathability**:

Cotton’s excellent moisture absorption and breathability ensure a dry and comfortable wearing experience, particularly in hot weather.

– **Softness and Comfort**:

Renowned for its soft and gentle touch, cotton fabric is supremely comfortable and ideal for direct skin contact.

– **Suitable for Sensitive Skin**:

Cotton’s natural properties make it an excellent choice for individuals with sensitive skin, as it lacks synthetic fibers or additives that may cause irritation.

– **Easy Maintenance**:

Cotton is easy to care for, machine washable, and durable under proper care.

– **Environmental Friendliness**:

As a natural plant fiber, cotton is biodegradable and environmentally friendly, making it a sustainable choice.

**Disadvantages of Cotton:**

– **Wrinkling**:

Cotton fabric is prone to wrinkling and may require ironing to maintain a smooth appearance.

– **Shrinkage**:

Cotton may experience slight shrinkage when washed, necessitating adherence to washing instructions.

– **Wear Resistance**:

Cotton is not as wear-resistant as some synthetic fibers and may show signs of wear under prolonged friction.

– **Deformation**:

Cotton fabric may undergo slight deformation when exposed to wet conditions.

180 GSM Waffle Pattern 100% Polyester Tee shirt

**Comparison with Other Fabrics:**

– **Polyester**:

Wear-resistant and quick-drying but lacks the moisture absorption and breathability of cotton.

– **Nylon**:

Durable and lightweight but not moisture-absorbing or breathable.

– **Wool**:

Warm and breathable but requires more care and comes at a higher price.

– **Silk**:

Luxurious and comfortable but fragile and expensive.

– **Viscose**:

Silky to the touch but less durable than cotton or silk.

– **Blended Fabric**:

Blending different fibers offers a combination of characteristics but may inherit some disadvantages of individual fibers.


**4. How to Choose the Right Fabric**

Selecting the right fabric depends on several factors, including your needs, preferences, and budget:

– **Assess Your Needs**:

Consider the season, comfort preferences, and intended use of the garment.

– **Review Fabric Composition**:

Check the fabric composition and consider its properties and advantages.

– **Check Washing Instructions**:

Ensure the fabric is easy to maintain and fits your lifestyle.



Cotton T-shirts offer a plethora of options, from pure cotton to combed, ring spun, and high yarn count varieties. By understanding the types of cotton, gram weights, and comparisons with other fabrics, you can make informed decisions when selecting the perfect T-shirt for your wardrobe. Whether you prioritize breathability, comfort, or durability, there’s a cotton T-shirt to suit your needs and preferences. Explore our collection of cotton T-shirts, meticulously crafted to offer superior comfort, style, and versatility for every occasion.